Clear labelling of speakers provides the viewer with the information to understand who said what.
To keep your files clear and consistent, include a speaker label every time the person speaking in the media changes, even if they’ve already spoken previously or are appearing in the video.
1. New single speaker – Indicate a new speaker with their name or title in ALL CAPITALS, followed by a colon and a single space.
2. Two speakers – If two people are speaking within the same caption, insert a line break so each speaker appears on its own line.
Ensure you add a full label in front of each speaker.
3. Generic labels – If the speaker is visible, but they don’t identify themselves, use a short, generic speaker label to identify them, eg. MAN:, WOMAN:, CHILD:, WOMAN: etc.. If you can’t see who’s speaking, it’s best to use SPEAKER: in case you mistake the gender of a speaker.
Education – For files such as lectures or tutorials, it’s OK to use LECTURER:, TUTOR:, and STUDENT: to identify speakers. Use STUDENT: for every student.
4. Grouped speakers – If a group speaks in unison, identify them with a speaker tag, such as CROWD: or CLASS: to avoid confusion.
More questions? See our Recorded Captioning Style Guide.